ЕГЭ 2019. Английский язык. 20 тренировочных вариантов.

Пособие предназначено для подготовки к ЕГЭ по английскому языку. Книга содержит: • 20 новых тренировочных вариантов, составленных по официальным проектам демоверсии и спецификации ЕГЭ-2019 года, опубликованным 24.08.2018 на сайте ФИПИ; • ответы ко всем вариантам; • тексты для аудирования; • методические рекомендации по использованию различных материалов для подготовки к ЕГЭ.

ЕГЭ 2019. Английский язык. 20 тренировочных вариантов.

ЕГЭ 2019. Английский язык. 20 тренировочных вариантов.

| 490 | Английский язык. Подготовка к ЕГЭ-2019
Задание 2
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Now we are ready to start.
Susan: So Ben, you also learned English as a foreign language, right?
Ben: That’s right, yes.
Susan: It’s not your first language? So how did you do it?
Ben: That’s a good question. When I think back, I think, I try to think about the things that helped me most and I think it was a funny combination of things. I had one really interesting English teacher, she was really strict, but she was really interesting and I think she inspired me because her English was so good and I thought ‘wow’ that’s really great. The other thing that really helped me was reading like I really read so much in English. I think you’ve mentioned it too.
Susan: Yeah, I think so too. I read a lot, not because I wanted to learn but because I like reading and so I read in English and later on I realized I must have learned a lot of vocabulary and things that I didn’t even realize I learned.
Ben: I agree with you.
Susan: Just through reading.
Ben: Yeah, the same thing happened to me. My home had so many books in it, I was lucky I guess in that way and at least half of them were in English and when I discovered that there were books in the house that I couldn’t get into and I was really into stories and reading, I felt so angry then I started reading so much and it was really good for me in the end.
Susan: That’s interesting. You see people ask me how I learnt English. I didn’t really have a plan, I just enjoyed English that’s why I studied in my free time but I didn’t think of it as something I have to do, I just did it for fun.
Ben: Also in high school I remember my classmates complaining about all the homework in English and they couldn’t do it and they used to come
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to me for help. It didn’t feel like work to me. It just felt like something kind of fun.
Susan: That’s right.
Ben: But I can’t tell you where that fun started. I guess it has something to do with being curious about things that are written or said. Do you think so?
Susan: Yeah, I also remember when I first became interested in English but later on when I met some people from different countries, I became more interested in communicating with them and, like you said, my teacher also inspired me. I enjoyed just chatting to her in English.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания 3-9
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3—9 запишите в поле ответа цифру /, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
Interviewer: Today we are speaking to the teacher Isabel Plaza about her experience as a Spanish Teacher and the importance of Learning Spanish in Spain. Isabel is passionate about teaching the Spanish language, writing poetry and practicing yoga. She has many years of experience in teaching all levels of Spanish and has taught in many places. Dear Isabel, do you remember your first Spanish lesson as a teacher? When was it and how did you manage it?
Isabel: I will never forget my first lesson. It was in a school in Barcelona which was specialized in teaching Spanish to students from the United States. At that time, I was in charge of the cultural program. One day the school manager told me that she urgently needed a Spanish teacher for the next day. I did not think about my answer «Yes!». I went home highly motivated and spent the whole evening searching materials from my Hispanic Philology studies and preparing my class. I am Spanish; I am a
| 492 | Английский язык. Подготовка к ЕГЭ-2019
philologist, what could possibly go wrong? Well… Next day I go into the classroom and meet 25 students with cero level, they didn’t know a single word in Spanish. I was so nervous. I started speaking and before I knew it, I somehow taught all the contents of an A1 level in 15 minutes. A total disaster! This day I decided: I will never teach Spanish again in my live! But the next day I showed up in class and enrol for a Master of Teaching Spanish as a Foreign Language. And here I am, doing what I love!
Interviewer: What do you think is the most difficult thing to learn from Spanish as a foreign language?
Isabel: The verbs and the different types of tenses are confusing topics for the students. It is very enriching helping them get over these obstacles and see how they develop their skills and most often end up reaching a CI level. It is precisely for these difficult topics when learning 24/7 in a Spanish speaking country becomes very useful.
Interviewer: What do you think is the advantage of learning Spanish in Spain?
Isabel: The use of the language is just so real. The student learns what he needs for the real life situations he is experiencing. In class, at the stores, in a cafe, surrounded by locals. In a real context the learning speed increases exponentially.
Interviewer: Which role does the Spanish Language School play in the learning of the language?
Isabel: Deeply understanding how a language works cannot be done without understanding how a culture works. How people from a country feel, think and live has a key influence on the evolution of a language. A teacher in Spain does not just teach you the rules; you get to experience firsthand why these rules are applied.
Interviewer: What is the usual motivation for people to learn Spanish?
Isabel: Travel, friends, work, love. All the usual reasons to learn a new language. And there are a lot of people and countries speaking Spanish in the world; thus there is a lot of travel, friends, work and love to be practiced in Spanish.
Interviewer: What three things can the future students of Spanish Courses Gran Canaria — Academia El Capit&n expect from their experience in our Spanish Language School?
Тексты для аудирования. Вариант 18 | 493 [
Isabel: Fun learning Spanish, a family atmosphere with the school team but also with the welcoming locals of the island and for sure clearly improving their communication skills in a very short period.
Interviewer: I want to say a big thanks to Isabel for doing this interview, and I wish you all the success in your teaching career.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.
ВАРИАНТ 18
Сейчас вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго прослушиваний у вас будет время для выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не предусмотрены. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1.
Задание 1
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—Fu утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Now we are ready to start.
Speaker A
Whatever sport you choose, don’t rely on a friend for instruction. You wouldn’t let an amateur perform brain surgery on you; why let one teach you to ski or skate? That’s what instructors are for — to help newcomers
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start out right. Instructors can give you advice about equipment, techniques, safety, and dealing with injuries if they do happen to you. It’s tempting for an eager athlete to advance too quickly through learning the ropes. Resist the temptation. If you want to progress, invest your time in learning the basics thoroughly.
Speaker В
Winter is a great time to experiment with new sports. The trick is to find one that matches your interests and natural abilities. Alpine or downhill skiing isn’t as hard as it used to be — shorter, lightweight, curved skis make any beginner feel like an Olympian. Consider testing the latest high-tech skis or snowboards. Check with your local sports shop or the rental places at ski mountains about demo programs. You could also try sledding. Or, if you prefer ice to snow, think hockey or figure skating.
Speaker С
Play safely by figuring out what special equipment and safety gear you’ll need. Planning an afternoon of snowshoeing or cross-country skiing? Pack water, snacks, fruit, and extra socks. If you’re going out for a long time, keep your water bottle insulated from the cold so it doesn’t freeze. Regardless of how you get down a snow-covered slope, always watch for obstacles such as rocks, tree branches, and other people. Don’t head out onto the slopes or into remote country areas alone.
Speaker D
Snowboarding was invented in the 1960s and started out as snurfing. A fellow named Sherman Poppen, an engineer living in Muskegon, Michigan, strapped two skis together and added some rope for steering. His wife called it a snurfer, or snow surfing.l Until the early 1980s, snowboarding was banned at resorts. Traditionally, snowboarding was considered to be dangerous and a teenage fad. In 1983, the Mountain Resort in Vermont opened its slopes up to snowboarding. Far from being a fringe sport now, snowboarding was officially accepted into the Olympic Winter Games in 1998.
Speaker Ё
Chilly, snowy days are calling all of us outdoors. Is there fluffy snow? Check. Are you wearing a snow suit? Check. That’s all the gear kids of any age need to lie down and create a snow angel just like they would do a jumping jack. Make this simple activity extra fun by using materials
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to decorate your angel, such as food coloring to draw on a face, and old clothes and accessories to dress it up. It is really a fun winter activity for children of all ages.
Speaker F
It is so wonderful to have a ball battling with your friends in a snowball fight. By joining in the fun, teenagers can help little ones while also supervising to make sure it doesn’t turn into bullying. It is necessary to avoid injuries by making sure the snow isn’t too icy. Snow on super-cold days will be too light and airy to form a ball. Lie down on the snow for a few minutes to heat some up and then try to pack that warmer snow into a ball.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задание 2
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Now we are ready to start.
Helen: Hey, Ted, I’m looking for a gym. Actually, I hear you’ve joined a gym. Which one?
Ted: Yeah, actually, there’s a nice gym down town. It just opened about a month ago. Maybe two months ago. It’s really nice.
Helen: OK, what’s the name of it?
Ted: The name is Star Fitness Club.
Helen: Good name.
Ted: Yeah, so, and it’s pretty much has everything. I mean it has, you know, free weights, of course, and it has all the latest machines.
Helen: Ah, good.

[свернуть]

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